This subject demonstrates how to explore nature using carefully planned methods, and teaches the basic methods and findings of scientific investigation. Agricultural science is the study of the science and technology underlying the principles and practices of agriculture. It aims to develop knowledge, skills and attitudes concerning the factors that affect the long-term well-being of agricultural resources, and places emphasis on the managed use of these resources

Subject Content

The course consists of the study of a variety of aspects of agriculture under the following headings:

  • Soils
  • Animal Science
  • Machinery and Agriculture
  • Grassland
  • Plant Science
  • Crop Production
    Barley, Wheat, Potatoes, Maize and Fodder Crops
  • Animal Production
    Animal Health, Condition Scoring, Nutrients, Food and Nutrition, Animal and Housing Welfare
  • Dairy
  • Beef
  • Sheep
  • Pig Production
  • Poultry (Optional)
Exam Structure

The examination in Agricultural Science consist of (a) a terminal examination paper and (b) an assessment of the work of the candidate during the course under the headings: identification of plant and animal types associated with agriculture; practical experience with crops, livestock, house and farmyard layouts; investigations carried out related to ecology, soil science, animal physiology, plant physiology, genetics and microbiology.

Final Written Exam 75% (300 marks)
Portfolio 25% (100 marks)
Structure of Portfolio
  • Practical Assessment Structure
  • Plants & Families 10 Marks
  • Animals & Families 10 Marks
  • Experience with crops 15 Marks
  • Experience with livestock 10 Marks
  • Farm/Farmyard Layout 10 Marks
Science Investigations (worth 45 marks)
  • Ecology
  • Soil Science
  • Animal Physiology
  • Plant Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Microbiology
Third Level Entry Requirements

This subject can be used as a course requirement for some university/college courses.

Final Comments

Agricultural science is for students who want to learn about agriculture, food and natural resources. You don’t have to be from a farming background to study agricultural science.


Agricultural Research, Veterinary Studies, Food Science, Forestry, Horticulture, General Farming, Dairy – Beef – Crop Production, Poultry, Biotechnology, Wine Production, Fish Farming, Zoology